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Bail Restrictions Under New York's New Laws

Prepared by Senior Executive Assistant District Attorney James C. Quinn

 

Under the new bail laws, effective January 1, 2020, Judges in New York State cannot set bail on any of the following crimes (and most attempts to commit these crimes), and must release the defendant on non-monetary conditions, regardless of criminal record, ties to community or previous bench warrants on other cases:

 

 

Penal Law Section & Crime

140.25 Burglary 2° (Residential), Burglary 2 as a Hate Crime

140.20 Burglary 3° (Commercial), Burglary 3 as a Hate Crime

160.10 Robbery 2° (Aided by Another), Robbery 2 as a Hate Crime

160.05 Robbery 3°

220.31 - 220.43 Criminal Sale of a Controlled Substance 1°, 2°, 3°, 4° and 5°

220.28 Use of a Child to Commit a Controlled Substance Offense

220.03 - 220.21 Criminal Possession of a Controlled Substance 1°, 2°, 3°, 4°, 5° and 7°

220.44 Criminal Sale of a Controlled Substance In or Near School Grounds

220.46 Criminal Injection of a Narcotic Drug (into another person)

220.48 Criminal Sale of a Controlled Substance to a Child

220.65 Criminal Sale of a Prescription for a Controlled Substance by a Pharmacist

220.70 - 220.74 Criminal Possession or Manufacture of Methamphetamine

120.00 Assault 3°, Assault 3 as a Hate Crime

120.01 Reckless Assault of a Child by a Day Care Provider

120.02 Reckless Assault of a Child

120.50 - 120.60 Stalking 2°, 3°, and 4°, Stalking 2, 3, and 4 as a Hate Crime

120.03 Vehicular Assault 1° and 2°

120.04-a Aggravated Vehicular Assault

120.12 Aggravated Assault upon a Person less than 11 years old, Aggravated Assault upon a Person less than 11 years old as a Hate Crime

120.13 Menacing 1°, 2° and 3°, Menacing 1, 2 and 3 as a Hate Crime

120.25 Reckless Endangerment 1° and 2°

120.30 Promoting a Suicide Attempt

120.60 (2) Stalking 1° (while committing a sex offense)

120.45 - 120.55 Stalking 2°, 3° and 4°

121.11 Criminal Obstruction of Breathing or Blood Circulation

125.10 Criminally Negligent Homicide

125.12 Vehicular Manslaughter 2°

125.14 Aggravated Vehicular Manslaughter

125.15 Manslaughter 2°

135.10 Unlawful Imprisonment 1° and 2°, Unlawful Imprisonment 1° and 2° as a Hate Crime

135.37 Aggravated Labor Trafficking

135.45 - 135.50 Custodial Interference 1° and 2°

135.55 Substitution of Children

135.60 - 135.65 Coercion 1°, 2° and 3°, Coercion 1°, 2° and 3° as a Hate Crime

140.05 - 140.17 Criminal Trespass 1°, 2°, 3° and 4°, Criminal Trespass 1°, 2°, 3° and 4° as a Hate Crime

140.35 Possession of Burglar’s Tools

140.40 Unlawful Possession of Radio Devices (police scanners)

145.00 - 145.10 Criminal Mischief 1° (explosion), 2° ($1500), 3° ($250), and 4°, Criminal Mischief 1° (explosion), 2° ($1500), 3° ($250), and 4° as a Hate Crime

145.14 - 145.70 Criminal Tampering 1°, 2° and 3°

145.22 - 145.23 Cemetery Desecration 1° and 2°

145.26 - 145.27 Aggravated Cemetery Desecration 1° and 2°

145.25 Reckless Endangerment of Property

145.40 - 140.45 Tampering with a Consumer Product 1° and 2°

145.60 Making Graffiti

145.65 Possession of Graffiti Instruments

150.01 - 150.10 Arson 3° (intentionally damage building or vehicle by fire or explosion), Arson 4° (recklessly damage building or vehicle by fire or explosion), Arson 5° (intentionally damage property of another by fire or explosion), Arson 3°, 4° and 5° as a Hate Crime

155.30 - 155.42 Grand Larceny 1°($1,000,000), 2° ($50,000), 3° ($3,000) and 4° ($1,000), Grand Larceny 1° ($1,000,000), 2° ($50,000), 3° ($3,000) and 4° ($1,000) as a Hate Crime

155.43 Aggravated Grand Larceny of an ATM

155.25 Petit Larceny, Petit Larceny as a Hate Crime

156.20 - 156.27 Computer Tampering 1°, 2°, 3° and 4°

156.10 Computer Trespass

156.05 Unauthorized Use of a Computer

156.29 - 156.30 Unlawful Duplication of Computer Related Material 1° and 2°

158.05 - 158.25 Welfare Fraud 1° ($1,000,000), Welfare Fraud 2° ($50,000), Welfare Fraud 3° ($3,000), Welfare Fraud 4° ($1,000), Welfare Fraud 5° (any amount)

158.30 - 158.35 Criminal Use of a Public Benefit Card 1° and 2°

158.40 - 158.50 Criminal Possession of a Public Benefit Card 1°, 2° and 3°

165.05 - 165.08 Unauthorized Use of a Vehicle 1°, 2° and 3°

165.09 - 165.11 Auto Stripping 1°, 2° and 3°

165.15 Theft of Services

165.17 Unauthorized Use of a Credit Card or Public Benefit Card

165.25 Jostling

165.50 Fraudulent Accosting

165.40 - 165.54 Criminal Possession of Stolen Property 1°, 2°, 3°, 4° and 5°

170.05 - 170.15 Forgery 1°, 2° and 3°

170.20 - 170.30 Criminal Possession of a Forged Instrument 1°, 2° and 3°

170.40 Criminal Possession of Forgery Devices

170.70 Criminal Possession of Vehicle Identification Number

170.65 Forgery of a Vehicle Identification Number

175.05 - 175.10 Falsifying Business Records 1° and 2°

175.20 - 175.25 Tampering with Public Records 1° and 2°

175.30 - 175.35 Offering a False Instrument for Filing 1° and 2°

176.10 - 176.30 Insurance Fraud 1°, 2°, 3°, 4° and 5°

177.05 - 177.25 Health Insurance Fraud 1°, 2°, 3°, 4° and 5°

178.10 - 178.25 Criminal Diversion of Prescription Medications 1°, 2°, 3° and 4°

180.03 Commercial Bribery 1° and 2°

180.55 - 180.57 Rent Gouging 1°, 2° and 3°

187.05 - 187.25 Residential Mortgage Fraud 1°, 2°, 3°,4° and 5°

190.80-a Aggravated Identity Theft

190.78 - 190.80 Identity Theft 1°, 2° and 3°

200.00 - 200.04 Bribery 1°, 2° and 3°

210.05 - 210.15 Perjury 1°, 2° and 3°

215.55 - 215.57 Bail Jumping 1° (failure to appear on Class A or B Felony), Bail Jumping 2° (failure to appear on Felony), Bail Jumping 3° (failure to appear on a misdemeanor)

195.05 - 195.07 Obstructing Governmental Administration 1° and 2°

195.08 Obstructing Governmental Administration by Means of a Self Defense Spray Device

195.06 Killing a police work dog or police work horse

195.16 Obstructing Emergency Medical Services

195.17 Obstructing Governmental Duties by Means of a Bomb

205.05 - 205.15 Escape 1°, 2° and 3°

205.20 - 205.25 Promoting Prison Contraband 1° and 2°

205.30 Resisting Arrest

205.55 - 205.65 Hindering Prosecution 1°, 2° and 3°

210.35 - 210.40 Making an Apparently Sworn False Statement

215.00 Bribing a Witness

215.05 Bribe Receiving by a Witness

215.19 Bribing a Juror

215.20 Bribe Receiving by a Juror

215.22 Providing a Juror with a Gratuity

215.23 - 215.25 Tampering with a Juror 1° and 2°

215.35 - 215.40 Tampering with Physical Evidence

215.45 Compounding a Crime

215.50 Criminal Contempt 2° under subdivision 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7

215.51 (a) Criminal Contempt 1° - refusal to be sworn as a witness or testify in grand jury

215.70 Unlawful Grand Jury Disclosure

Article 225 Any Gambling Offense

Article 230 Any Prostitution Offense, including:

230.08 Patronizing a Prostitute in a School Zone

230.19 Promoting Prostitution in a School Zone

230.32 Promoting Prostitution 1° (victim less than 13), Promoting Prostitution 2° (compelling victim to participate in prostitution), Promoting Prostitution 3° (victim is less than 19 years old)

230.33 Compelling Prostitution

230.34 Most Sex Trafficking

235.21 - 235.22 Disseminating Indecent Material to Minors 1° and 2°

240.06 - 240.08 Riot 1° and 2°

240.15 Criminal Anarchy

240.25 - 240.26 Harassment 1° and 2°, Harassment 1° and 2° as a Hate Crime

240.30 - 240.31 Aggravated Harassment 1° and 2°, Aggravated Harassment 1° and 2° as a Hate Crime

240.32 Aggravated Harassment of an Employee by an Inmate

240.45 - 240.46 Criminal Nuisance 1° and 2°

240.50 Falsely Reporting an Incident

240.76 Directing a Laser at an Aircraft 1° and 2°

242.10 - 242.15 Harming a Service Animal 1° and 2°

245.00 - 245.03 Public Lewdness

245.05 Illegal Eavesdropping

250.55 - 250.60 Dissemination of Unlawful Surveillance 1° and 2°

260.05 - 260.06 Non-Support of a Child 1° and 2°

260.10 Endangering the Welfare of a Child

260.22 Facilitating Female Genital Mutilation

260.24 - 260.25 Endangering the Welfare of an Incompetent or Physically Disabled Person 1° and 2°

260.32 - 260.34 Endangering the Welfare of a Vulnerable Elderly Person or an Incompetent or Physically Disabled Person 1° and 2°

263.10 Promoting an Obscene Sexual Performance by a Child

263.11 Possessing an Obscene Sexual Performance by a Child

263.15 Promoting a Sexual Performance by a Child

263.16 Possessing a Sexual Performance by a Child

265.01 Criminal Possession of a Weapon 4°

265.01-a Criminal Possession of a Weapon on School Grounds

265.01 Criminal Possession of a Firearm

265.02 Criminal Possession of a Weapon 3° under subdivision 1, 2 and 3

265.17 Criminal Purchase or Disposal of a Weapon

270.20 Unlawfully Wearing of a Body Vest

270.25 - 270.35 Unlawfully Fleeing a Police Officer in a Motor Vehicle 1°, 2° and 3°

460.20 Enterprise Corruption

470.05 - 470.20 Money Laundering 1°, 2°, 3° and 4°

470.21 - 470.22 Money Laundering in Support of Terrorism 3° and 4°

496.03 - 496.05 Corrupting the Government 1°, 2° and 3°

100.10 Criminal Solicitation 1°, 2°, 3° Including but not limited to commit kidnapping, rape, robbery, drug sales, or to solicit children under 26 to commit any felony

105.05 - 105.17 Conspiracy 2°, 3°, 4° and 5°, including but not limited to conspiracy to commit rape, robbery, kidnapping, burglary, or to engage a child under 16 to engage in any felony.

Conspiracy 2°, 3°, 4° and 5° as a Hate Crime, including but not limited to conspiracy to commit rape, robbery, kidnapping, burglary, or to engage a child under 16 to engage in any felony as a Hate Crime

115.00 - 115.08 Criminal Facilitation 1°, 2°, 3° and 4° including but not limited to providing support to people to commit murder, kidnapping, robbery, burglary, rape or to aid a person under 16 to commit any felony.

 

 

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